What is Pathological Demand Avoidance (PDA)?
- Pathological Demand Avoidance is a behavior pattern where individuals resist everyday demands due to anxiety
- Often seen in people with autism.
- Those with PDA might seem socially adept but struggle with demands, leading to avoidance behaviors
How Does PDA Affect Behavior?
- People with PDA may resist ordinary requests, displaying behaviors seen as socially manipulative or inconsistent.
- They might prefer imaginative play, finding comfort in scenarios they control, which helps manage their anxiety.
What are some Effective Techniques to Support Individuals with PDA?
- Approach them with flexibility, using indirect requests and playful engagement to reduce feelings of demand.
- Building trust is crucial. Understanding and empathetic communication can help manage PDA-related challenges.
- Tailoring support to their interests and strengths, and providing an environment with less perceived pressure, can be effective.
Role of Coaching
- Personalized Support: Tailoring strategies to meet the unique needs of each individual with PDA.
- Understanding PDA: Helping individuals build metacognition, and families understand the nuances of PDA and its impact on behavior and daily life.
- Building Trust: Establishing a trusting relationship to encourage open communication and cooperation.
- Flexible Approaches: Utilizing indirect and non-confrontational methods to reduce feelings of demand and pressure.
- Integrating Interests: Incorporating the individual’s interests into daily routines as a means of engagement and motivation.
- Enhancing Communication Skills: Offering guidance on effective communication strategies that consider the sensitivities associated with PDA.